The standard mileage rates for 2020

UPDATED JAN 21, 2020 • 3 MIN READ

The mileage rates for 2020 were announced by the IRS on Dec 31st and the rate for business is 57.5 cents per mile, which is down half a cent from 2019. The rates for medical and moving dropped to 17 cents per mile, while the rate for miles driven in service of charitable organizations remains the same at 14 cents per mile. Scroll down to see all current and previous mileage rates. 

Each year, the IRS issues optional standard mileage rates for the coming year. For the past few years, the announcement was made mid-December, and there is no reason to think this year is any different.

The rates cover the cost of using your personal vehicle for certain things, most commonly for business, but also if you drive for medical, moving, or charitable purposes. Each of these has a different rate and rules.

If you want to know more, we have written a quick guide for employees on mileage reimbursement, as well as mileage tax deductions for self-employed and business owners.

Be aware that the standard mileage rate is optional—both your state and employer may use different rates. 

The IRS standard mileage rates for 2020

As of January 1st, 2020, the optional standard mileage rates for cars (including vans, pickups, and panel trucks) are: 

  • $0.575 per mile driven for business
  • $0.17 per mile for trips taken on for medical purposes
  • $0.17 per mile for moving (only Armed Forces on active duty)
  • $0.14 per mile driven in the service of charitable organizations

The IRS's announcement came on Dec 31st, 2019 and has additional information about mileage rates and how they apply. 

The IRS standard mileage rates for 2019

As of January 1st, 2019, the mileage rates were: 

  • $0.58 per mile driven for business
  • $0.20 per mile for trips taken on for medical purposes
  • $0.20 per mile for moving (only Armed Forces on active duty)
  • $0.14 per mile driven in the service of charitable organizations

Here is the IRS's announcement of the 2019 mileage rates.

Mileage rates for 2018 and before

For the calendar year beginning January 1st, 2018 and ending December 31st, 2018, the IRS's optional standard mileage rates for cars (including vans, pickups and panel trucks) were: 

  • 54.5 cents per business mile
  • 18 cents per mile driven for medical purposes
  • 14 cents per mile driven in service of charitable organizations
  • 18 cents per mile for moving (only Armed Forces on active duty)

The IRS' announcement from 2017 has a few more details, and here are prior mileage rates in cents per mile:

 

Period Business Charity Medical & moving
2020 57.5 14 17
2019 58 14 20
2018 54.5 14 18
2017 53.5 14 17
2016 54 14 19
2015 57.5 14 23
2014 56 14 23.5
2013 56.5 14 24
2012 55.5 14 23
Jul 1 - Dec 31, 2011 55.5 14 23.5
Jan 1 - Jun 30, 2011 51 14 19
2010 50 14 16.5
2009 55 14 24
Jul 1 - Dec 31, 2008 58.5 14 27
Jan 1 - Jun 30, 2008 50.5 14 19
2007 48.5 14 20
2006 44.5 14 18
2005 40.5 14 15
2004 37.5 14 14
2003 36 14 12
2002 36.5 14 13
2001 34.5 14 12
2000 32.5 14 10
1999 31 14 10
1998 32.5 14 10
1997 31.5 12 10

 

Who decides the rate, and how?

To determine next year's rate, The IRS looks at the average costs of owning (fixed costs) and operating (variable costs) a vehicle this year.

In short, the rate for business use is based on the average cost of ownership plus the average operating costs of a car, while the rates for moving and medical are based only on the operating costs. The mileage rate for charity is set by statute and has remained unchanged since 1998.


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This material has been prepared for informational purposes only, and is not intended to provide, and should not be relied upon for, legal, tax or accounting advice. If you have any legal or tax questions regarding this content or related issues, then you should consult with your professional legal, tax or accounting advisor.