Being aware of post-tax deductions helps you to make informed decisions when managing personal expenses and optimize your financial situation. Read on to find out what post-tax deductions are and how they work.
What are post-tax deductions?
Post-tax deductions, or after-tax deductions, are expenses and contributions subtracted from an employee’s income after payroll taxes have been withheld. Unlike pre-tax deductions, which reduce the taxable income and, in turn, lower the amount of tax an employee owes, post-tax deductions are applied after taxes have already been calculated.
Types of post-tax deductions
A number of post-tax deductions exist, see the most common below.
Garnishments are non-voluntary post-tax deductions required by court order to be withheld by the employer from an employee’s earnings for the payment of an unpaid debt such as student loans or child support.
One of the most popular forms of post-tax deductions is contributing to retirement savings plans, such as a Roth IRA or Roth 401(k). While these contributions don't provide immediate tax benefits, they offer the benefit of tax-free withdrawals in the future, provided you meet certain conditions. By saving post-tax dollars towards retirement, you can enjoy tax-free growth on your investment earnings.
Health insurance premiums
If you pay your health insurance premiums directly, rather than through your employer's pre-tax plan, these payments are considered post-tax deductions. While they do not reduce your taxable income, they are still valuable as they enable you to maintain health coverage.
Union membership is typically voluntary. Union dues are seen as personal expenses rather than mandatory payments or employer-sponsored benefits. As such, they are treated as post-tax deductions since they are not directly related to the employer's payroll.
Schedule A deductions
When medical expenses exceed a certain threshold, you may be able to deduct them as itemized deductions on your tax return. However, note that the threshold for deductibility is typically quite high, and you can only deduct the amount of medical expenses that exceed a specific percentage of your adjusted gross income (AGI).
When you make charitable contributions, whether in cash or non-cash items, these donations are generally deductible on your tax return. However, to claim a deduction, you must itemize your deductions on Schedule A of your tax return. Since these deductions are subtracted from your income after taxes, they qualify as post-tax deductions.
Interest and taxes
Some personal expenses, such as state and local income taxes, mortgage interest, and property taxes, can be deducted on your tax return as itemized deductions.
Mileage reimbursement in the US — rates and rules for employees, self-employed and employers in the US.
The standard mileage rate for business will be 67 cents per mile, effective Jan. 1st, 2024 - up 1.5 cents from the 2023 rate of 65.5 cents.
Find out if you fall into one of the groups of employed individuals who can claim mileage on taxes in the US in 2024.